Private Governments and the Indian Constitution – Rethinking ‘State’ under Article 12 – Siddharth S. Aatreya* Introduction  Constitutional rights have traditionally been applied vertically, acting as a citizen’s weapon against her State.[1] However, with the increased concentration of power in private hands and privatisation of hitherto State functions, there is a growing need for these […]Continue reading


    Bail Decision Making in Karnataka’s Lower Criminal Courts: Why the Nature of the Offences Matters – Sudhir Krishnaswamy and Deekshitha Ganesan The rate of under-trial detention in India, at 67% of the total prison population (NCRB Prison Statistics, 2014-16), is a serious challenge to the effectiveness of the criminal justice system. Despite the regular intervention of […]Continue reading


    The Retroactive Effect of Statutory Amendments: Assessing The Impact of Recent Amendments to the Specific Relief Act, 1963 – Nigam Nuggehalli A statute, unlike other forms of legal regulation, can be amended if the legislature is of the opinion that the statute is not serving its purpose. A statutory provision can be added to, subtracted […]Continue reading


    Article 22(3): A Constitutional Paradox? -Abhinav Sekhri Of late, the transformative nature and potential of the Indian Constitution has been placed under the spotlight thanks to attention from both scholars and courts. The contours of this argument are contested, but according to most versions, the Constitution is an instrument designed to realise an India where […]Continue reading